Arsenic Pollution Paragraph & Essay
Arsenic pollution is called social cancer. Arsenic is a chemical element. It is usually found in tube well water. It is a threat to our health and the environment. Drinking arsenic-contaminated water causes arsenicosis. It can cause sores on the hands, feet and back, which can lead to skin cancer. The following essays and paragraphs shed light on the nature, reaction and remedies of arsenic pollution.
Essay on Arsenic Pollution / Poisoning
Introduction: Arsenic pollution, or arsenic poisoning, is the harmful effects of various arsenic compounds on body tissues and functions. Arsenic is a poison. Recently it has become a cause of alarm as it has been detected in the water of many tube wells throughout the country. By taking water having a high degree of arsenic we get poisoned slowly. It may take several months or years before the symptoms of arsenic poisoning become evident.
Uses of Arsenic: Generally arsenic is used in numerous products, including insect, rodent, and weed killers, some chemotherapeutic agents, and certain paints, wallpaper, and ceramics.
Causes of Arsenic Pollution / Poisoning: Arsenic poisoning in humans most often results from the ingestion or inhalation of insecticides containing arsenious oxide, copper acetoarsenite, or calcium or lead arsenate. Exposure may be accidental, especially among children, or maybe an occupational hazard, especially among agricultural workers handling insecticidal sprays and dust. The sprayed fruits and vegetables, if not washed, may also bear enough arsenic to be potentially toxic to the consumer. Among industrial workers, arsenic may be a source of accidental poisoning. Poisoning may also result from prolonged treatment with such medications as Fowler’s solution (potassium arsenate) and arsphenamine. Arsenic is believed to exert its toxicity by combining with certain enzymes, thereby interfering with cellular metabolism. Poisoning may result from a single large dose (acute poisoning) or from repeated small doses (chronic poisoning). In Bangladesh, the main cause of arsenic poisoning is drinking tube-well water having a high degree of arsenic.
Symptoms: Symptoms of acute poisoning from swallowing arsenic include nausea, vomiting, burning of the mouth and throat, and severe abdominal pains. It may cause circulatory collapse followed by death within a few hours. Other effects are the destruction of red blood cells and damage to the kidneys. Chronic exposure to arsenic results in gradual loss of strength, diarrhea or constipation, pigmentation, scaling of the skin, etc. It may also harm the nervous system of a person causing paralysis and confusion. There may also be degeneration of fatty tissue; anemia; and the development of characteristic streaks across the fingernails.
Diagnosis: Diagnosis of arsenic poisoning is based on the finding of arsenic in the urine and in the hair or nails of the victim.
Conclusion: The government has already taken steps to tackle this problem. Tube-wells having arsenic polluted water have already been painted red. We should avoid drinking water from those tube wells. Besides, we can drink pond water and river water after purification. Rainwater is also free from arsenic. By drinking arsenic-free water we can remain safe from arsenic.
Arsenic Pollution Paragraph, 300 Words
In our day-to-day life, we are experiencing a new kind of problem. Our environment is facing new pollution. Arsenic pollution is one of them. Arsenic is a chemical element. At present, the arsenic problem is a very familiar matter in Bangladesh. It has taken a gigantic shape. Arsenic pollution is causing much harm to human life. It is found in water especially in tube-well water. People are affected by it only when they drink it. But washing hands, clothes, and bathing in this water are not injurious. Poisoning by arsenic is a slow process. It is due to a gradual build-up of the poison in the human body. Eventually, an arsenic-affected man starts showing symptoms. An affected man loses his stamina to work and the skin of his palm, legs, and back become sore which leads to skin cancer. Arsenic is social cancer. Many arsenic-affected married girls have been divorced. The affected man cannot mix freely with the other in various places. The affected man cannot work to stamina. Necessary steps should be taken to ruin this problem. All the tube wells must be examined by DPHE and if arsenic is found, drinking of water from that tube well must be stopped and marked with the red cross. We can drink pure rainwater and can make the water of rivers and ponds drinkable by using filters. We can also purify arsenic-contaminated water in a chemical process. A balanced diet containing fish and vegetables is an initial treatment for arsenicosis. Besides, it is believed that vitamins A, C, & E are effective for the treatment of arsenicosis. But this is not the ultimate solution to the problem. The government should take more effective measures to free the country from the threat of the arsenic problem. Otherwise, our people will suffer for it in the long run.