Caretaker Government Essay & Paragraph
The caretaker government is a form of interim government where unelected individuals rule for a short time between two elected governments. The main task is to conduct a fair election. The idea of a caretaker government has been created so that the ruling government cannot manipulate the elections in the interest of its own party. Here are some essays and paragraphs on the caretaker government.
Essay on Caretaker Government of Bangladesh
Introduction: Caretaker Government is a form of government system which rules the country for an interim period during the transition between two governments with the intention of holding a free and fair election so that the outgoing government cannot politically influence the election. It takes charge after the end of the tenure of a certain government. In this system, the country is governed by a government formed with some selected non-political people headed by the Chief Advisor. The Chief Advisor is selected by the President. After the Chief Advisor is selected, the other advisers are selected by the Chief Adviser. The responsibilities and different ministries of the government are generally distributed among the advisers. The Chief Adviser and the other advisers remain accountable for their activities to the President.
Different Caretaker Governments in Bangladesh: The caretaker government system was first introduced in 1990 after the fall of General Ershad’s regime when the leading political parties made a firm demand for it. Then three alliances of political parties nominated Chief Justice Shahabuddin Ahmed as the Chief Advisor. The first caretaker government was formed to help the transition from authoritarianism to democracy. However, the system was constitutionalized in 1996 by the Sixth Parliament. occupying majority seats by Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) when the opposite parties began boycotting national elections and created a strong political movement demanding such a system. Since 1996, the general elections of 1996, 2001, and 2008 have been held under the Caretaker Governments.
Chief Advisers since 1991: So far, five Chief Advisors have performed their duties of running the government and holding general elections. They are as follows:
- Justice Shahabuddin Ahmed: Appointed for holding the general election of 1991.
- Justice Muhammad Habibur Rahman: Appointed for holding the general election of 1996.
- Justice Latifur Rahman: Appointed for holding the general election of 2001.
- Dr. Iajuddin Ahmed: Appointed for holding the general election of 2008. However, resigned on January 11, 2007, under pressure from the Grand Alliance.
- Dr. Fakhruddin Ahmed: Appointed for holding the general election of 2008 after the resignation of Dr. Iajuddin Ahmed. He was finally successful in holding the general election of 2008.
The Success of Caretaker Government: Caretaker Governments have been quite successful in holding free and fair general elections and in attaining the trust of the mass people against the enmity and mistrust of the political parties of the country against one another. The Caretaker Government of 2008 has also brought about a major change in the election system by introducing voter ID cards (with photographs) for the first time in the history of Bangladesh. For this purpose, the members of the Bangladesh Army, as well as other military forces, equipped with laptops and small digital cameras, were deployed throughout the country including the remotest areas.
Controversies over Caretaker Government: The Caretaker Governments, especially those formed for holding the election of 2008, have also met with some controversies. The Caretaker Government headed by Dr. Fakhruddin Ahmed arrested the leaders of the main political parties accusing them of corruption. However, it could not prove cases against most of the politicians for such charges and was forced to set them free. That created much controversy about their intention. The said government was also criticized a lot for its prolonged stay in power violating the mandatory period of three months within which it was supposed to hold the election. Some of the members of the same caretaker government were also accused of corruption.
Conclusion: In spite of the controversies, the caretaker government system has been praised by many people as a means of holding free and fair general elections acceptable to all.
Caretaker Government Paragraph, 150 Words
A caretaker government is a type of interim system of government in which unelected individuals rule for a short period of time between two elected governments. Its main function is to conduct a fair election. The idea of a caretaker government has been developed so that the ruling government cannot manipulate elections for the benefit of its own party. According to popular opinion, this new system of government was first proposed by the then Amir of Jamaat, Professor Ghulam Azam in the eighties. The Non-Party Caretaker Government Act was passed in the Parliament of Bangladesh in 1996 and this interim government successfully held several national elections. As a result, the idea of a caretaker government became popular worldwide, and some countries followed suit. Eventually, however, it was disputed and repealed. But I think the caretaker government system is a great way to have a fair election. Therefore, the caretaker government system should be updated and restored.