Chikungunya Essay & Paragraph
Here is a bunch of essays and paragraphs about chikungunya fever. In densely populated urban areas, Chikungunya is widespread during the monsoon season. In the following essays and paragraphs, we’ve discussed the causes and symptoms of Chikungunya fever. At the same time, we’ve highlighted how to prevent the spread of mosquitoes that carry the virus.
An Essay about Chikungunya
Chikungunya is a viral fever. Like dengue, the virus that causes the disease is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. Chikungunya was first diagnosed in Tanzania in 1952. ‘Chikungunya’ is a word in the Kimakondi language, meaning ‘waving’. The affected person’s body trembles due to severe pain, hence the name.
Chikungunya symptoms appear within four to seven days of infectious mosquito bites. It starts with a high fever, which is usually 104 ° F. The affected person feels pain in his bones. Other symptoms of Chikungunya include muscle spasms, skin rashes, headaches, nausea and fatigue. Joint pain in particular can be very intense, lasting from a few days to a few weeks.
Most of the Chikungunya sufferers recover completely. Only bone joint pain has been reported to last for a long time, months or even years. In rare cases, eye, heart, nervous and gastrointestinal problems occur. Although chikungunya is not a very serious disease, it can be fatal in older people. To make matters worse, the initial symptoms of Chikungunya are mild, so it is too late to diagnose the disease which can lead to danger.
In rare cases, chikungunya causes death. Usually, the patient starts to recover in two to three days. The infected person carries the Chikungunya virus for five to seven days. If the patient is bitten by mosquitoes at this time, then the virus infects others through that mosquito. Chikungunya can be confirmed by a blood serum test. Hopefully, this disease does not happen to anyone more than once in a lifetime.
Chikungunya is transmitted to humans by the bite of female mosquitoes that carry the virus. Usually, two species of Aedes mosquitoes carry the Chikungunya virus. The Aedes mosquito is also responsible for carrying the dengue virus.
Chikungunya can be diagnosed by various tests. Chikungunya can be confirmed if immunoglobulin M and antiocycogenia are found in the blood serum.
There is no specific antiviral drug to treat chikungunya. So the infected person is kept at rest only with medicines to reduce the symptoms like fever, pain, etc. Even antibody vaccines for chikungunya have not been developed to date.
The only way to prevent Chikungunya is to destroy the Aedes mosquito breeding ground. These mosquitoes breed in stagnant water. Therefore, care should be taken to ensure that water does not accumulate in the abandoned broken pots, coconut shells, holes, drains, etc. in the vicinity. If chikungunya is spread, pesticides should be used at home.
Aedes mosquitoes usually bite during the day. It is therefore advisable to wear clothing that prevents mosquitoes from inserting needles into the body. Children, the sick, and the elderly who sleep during the day should be allowed to sleep under a mosquito net. If there is no mosquito net, the mosquito coil should be lit.
A Paragraph about Chikungunya
In 190 words, for class 8 to 12
- What kind of disease is Chikungunya?
- How does the chikungunya virus spread?
- What are the main symptoms of this disease?
- Who is most at risk of contracting Chikungunya?
- What is the way to prevent chikungunya?
The word ‘Chikungunya’ means ‘to walk bent’. Chikungunya is caused by the Chikungunya virus (CHIKV). It is an RNA virus. Like Dengue virus, this virus also spreads among people by Aedes mosquito that manly bites during the day. Most people infected with ‘Chikungunya’ virus will develop some symptoms. Chikungunya manifests itself mainly through fever and joint pain symptoms. Other symptoms include headache, muscle aches and rash. These symptoms usually appear a few days after the bite of an infected mosquito. Moreover, Chikungunya disease does not often result in death, but the symptoms can be severe and disabling. Most patients come round within a week. However, occasionally the joint pain may last for more than a year. Children, the elderly and those already suffering from other diseases are at the highest risk of contracting Chikungunya. Chikungunya can be diagnosed by a blood test. No vaccine or specific drug has yet been developed to treat Chikungunya virus. The patients should take plenty of rest and drink fluids to prevent dehydration. There is no specific drug for chikungunya. Doctors usually prescribe acetaminophen or paracetamol. However, since chikungunya is not a deadly disease, there is no need to worry about it. But we should take necessary measures to reduce the mosquitoes that spread the disease Chikungunya.