Cyclone Essay & Paragraph
A cyclone is a system of wind that blows inward at a high speed with a low-pressure field in the middle. Cyclones originate in the oceans, when warm and humid winds swirl upwards. When a cyclone hits an area, hundreds or thousands of people die, cattle are washed away, and plants and crops are severely damaged. Here is a collection of essays and paragraphs on cyclones for students. They shed light on how and where cyclones form and how to reduce their potential damage.
Essay on Cyclone and its Effects
Introduction: Cyclone is a great natural calamity. It is a large system of winds that rotates about a center of low atmospheric pressure in a counterclockwise direction north of the Equator and in a clockwise direction to the south. Cyclones move across almost all regions of the world except the equatorial belt. Cyclones are generally associated with heavy rain or snow, lightning, and thunderbolt. In Bangladesh, cyclones rise from the Bay of Bengal. It causes great harm to the people.
Where Occurs: Cyclones occur chiefly in the mid-latitude belts of both hemispheres. In the Southern Hemisphere, where most of the earth’s surface is covered by oceans, cyclones flow fairly uniformly through different longitudes. Characteristically, they form at latitudes 30° to 40° S and typically move southeast, reaching maturity at latitudes close to 60°. However, the situation in the Northern Hemisphere is quite different. There, continental landmasses extend from the Equator to the Arctic, and large mountain belts interfere with the mid-latitude air currents, giving rise to significant variations in the occurrence of cyclones (and anticyclones). Certain tracks are favored by the wind systems. The principal cyclone tracks lie over the oceans, the ocean surface being smoother than that of the land and thus offering less resistance to the strong winds around low-pressure centers.
Description of a Cyclone Day: On a cyclone day the sky remains covered with patches of dark clouds. Then the wind begins to blow. The severity of the wind increases with time and at a point, it blows hard with a mourning sound. The speed of the wind may not be steady and regular but it is always fitful and violent. The whole sky looks like a stretch of dark cloud. There are usually strong blasts of wind, which become stronger and stronger. There is usually a drizzle in the beginning but it turns to heavy rain with the progress of the cyclone. The rain is generally associated with flashes of lightning and thunder. In a strong cyclone, the wind blows so hard that it shakes the trees violently and even shakes the big buildings and breaks the glass of the window panes. It creates so much uproar and mourning sound that children get frightened. Sometimes it is associated with tidal waves causing floods.
Some Cyclones of Bangladesh: Bangladesh has suffered many terrible cyclones in the past causing great havoc. These cyclones have killed thousands of people damaged properties worth crores of taka. Some of the worst cyclones of the country occurred in 1954, 1970, and 1991.
Many terrible cyclones occurred in the recent past in Bangladesh and affected the offshore islands causing great havoc. But the cyclone of April 29, 1991, was unprecedented. It affected the whole coastal belt and offshore islands of Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Noakhali, Bhola, Patuakhali districts. It caused too great a havoc to be described. Everything was destroyed and washed away. Buildings and houses were blown down, giant trees were uprooted and the standing crops were destroyed. Many ships, steamers, trawlers, and launches were lost. More than one lac people died and most of them were swept away by the strong current of the tidal wave and innumerable heads of cattle were killed. Properties worth crores of taka were damaged.
Conclusion: Precautionary measures should be taken to save people from the suffering and destruction of cyclones. Concrete houses may be made to give shelter to the people during cyclones. Barrage along the coastal belt may also be constructed to prevent tidal waves.
Cyclone Paragraph for Class-5
A cyclone is a deadly natural disaster. It is a large system of wind that rotates counterclockwise north of the equator and clockwise south around the center of low atmospheric pressure. Cyclones move across almost all regions of the world except the equatorial belt. Cyclones are usually associated with heavy rainfall or snowfall, thunderstorms, and lightning. Cyclones in Bangladesh originate from the Bay of Bengal. People are greatly affected by this. Bangladesh has been the victim of many terrible cyclones in the past, which have caused massive disasters. These cyclones have killed thousands of people and destroyed billions of Taka’s worth of property. Some of the worst cyclones in the country occurred in 1954, 1970, and 1991.