Independence Day Essay & Paragraph

Our Independence Day is a very important and significant day in our national life. Since this is the day we started fighting for liberation from the subjugation of others. Independence Day is celebrated as a national day in every independent country of the world. In addition, school children are often asked to write essays about Independence Day in their exams. It is a common thing to be asked to write a paragraph on Independence Day in other competitive tests as well. That’s why here is a bunch of essays on Independence Day in some countries.

Independence Day Essay & Paragraph
Independence Day is a very significant and memorable day in our national life.

Essay on Independence Day

In regard to: Bangladesh, With: 300 words, By: Haque


The 26th March 1971, on which the independence of Bangladesh was declared, is regarded as our Independence Day. It is a red-letter day in our national life. This is a day to recall why Bangladesh was created.


The barbaric army of Pakistan started inhumane attacks on the unarmed citizens of Bangladesh in the middle of the night on March 25, 1971, while the people were sleeping. They killed thousands of peace-loving men and women and raped countless women. They picked up hundreds of intellectuals and shot them dead. They burned hundreds of villages and destroyed schools and colleges. Our roads, railways, waterways, and airways were disrupted. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib was taken to an unknown place in West Pakistan. The Bangladeshis realized their actual position when Bangladesh was declared on the 26th of March, 1971. After 9 months of struggle, Bangladesh emerged as an independent state.

How the day is observed

On this day we remember the martyrs and pay deep homage to their memory, who sacrificed their lives for our freedom. The government, different organizations, and institutions chalk out programs to celebrate the day. Every year the day is observed with due dignity. National flags are hoisted at all important offices, buildings, institutions, and shops. All important places are decorated. Meetings and seminars were held to highlight the importance and significance of the day.

Games and Sports

As it is a memorable day in the history of Bangladesh, different types of sports are held to celebrate the day. Football, volleyball, cricket, race, boat-race, etc. are held in different places of Bangladesh including Thana and districts.


The 26th of March signaled the start of the Liberation War of Bangladesh. We consider our Independence Day as a symbol of our determination to survive as an independent and self-respecting nation. So, the 26 March will be remembered forever as Independence Day in the history of Bangladesh.


Independence Day Essay

In regard to: Bangladesh, With: 700 words, By: Haque

Introduction: Independence is something that a nation always looks forward to because without independence a nation remains in imagination. Independence is, therefore, an event as well as an experience, which a nation always treasures as long as it remains independent. Independence means to be ruled by itself. With the surrender of the barbarous Pakistani army to the Mukti Bahini and the Allied Command at the historic Suhrawardy Udyan on 16 December 1971, Bangladesh emerged as an independent state. Since then the people of Bangladesh have observed 26 March and 16 December as Independence Day and Victory Day respectively.

The War of Independence: On the night of 25 March 1971, the Pakistan army cracked down upon the sleeping Dhaka. Major Zia announced independence on behalf of Bangabandhu from Kalur Ghat Radio Centre on 27th March. The Pak army killed thousands of unarmed, innocent, and peace-loving citizens, hundreds of intellectuals, raped innumerable women. They continued a reign of terror throughout the country till their final surrender.

But the patriotic and golden sons of Bangladesh faced the situation with great courage and determination. The students, youths, workers, and the members of the Bengal Regiment, E.P.R, Police formed themselves into the Mukti Bahini to put up stiff resistance against the occupation forces. The whole area of Bangladesh was divided into eleven sectors led by one sector commander each. In the beginning, the Mukti Bahini had no sufficient military training and modern weapons. Gradually they gathered much fighting strength. At one stage, the Soviet Union and the Allied Forces from India stepped forward to help the Mukti Bahini. The USA wanted to help the Pakistani forces with the 7th Nowbahor but was unable for 29th Rushe Ranatory. The Pakistani forces were being confronted in different sectors. Finally, the Mukti Bahini along with the Allied Forces inflicted a severe blow on the enemy. As a result, the Pakistani soldiers lost their morale and were compelled to make an unconditional surrender.

Surrender of the Pak Army: The commander of the Eastern Command of the Pakistani Army was asked by the chief of Indian Armed Forces Lt. General Jagjit Singh Aurora to surrender to the Mukti Bahini and the Allied Forces. The Instrument of surrender was signed by General A. A. K. Niazi at historic Suhrawardy Udyan on 16 December 1971 when Bangladesh came into being and had its place on the world map.

How Observed: The day begins with a 31-gun salute in the morning across the country. The day is a public holiday and the national flag flutters atop all the government and private buildings. On the occasion, the Head of the state leads the nation to pay homage to the valiant sons of the soil who embraced martyrdom for the country’s independence by laying a floral wreath at the National Mausoleum at Savar. To celebrate the day, political parties, socio-cultural and student organizations, trade bodies, and professional groups lay wreaths, hold seminars, symposiums, discussion meetings, and cultural soiree to pay homage to the martyrs and recall the supreme sacrifices of the golden sons. Bangladesh Television and Bangladesh Betar broadcast special programs and national dailies published special supplements highlighting the significance of the day.

Significance: The 26 March / the 16 December is remembered every year. The day symbolizes both joys and pains as millions of people laid down their lives to free the country. It is not the day of commemoration of the martyred freedom fighters but also the day of inspiration of being united for the realization of the dreams for which the martyrs fought.

Conclusion: As the day symbolizes the triumph of justice over tyranny, of truth over falsehood, of light over darkness, of freedom over slavery, of humanity over inhumanity, the sincere cooperation of all is now earnestly desirable to combat population growth, alleviate poverty, stop terrorism in educational institutions and development of the people and the country. In spite of differences in opinions, we should ensure respect for each other and form unity on important national issues. If it is done so, the souls of the martyrs will remain in peace.


Independence Day Paragraph

In regard to: Bangladesh, With: 100 words, By: Haque

Independence Day is a very significant and memorable day in our national life. On the night of March 26, 1971, when the Pakistani army started a massacre in Bangladesh, carried out killings, looting, rape, and arson all over the country, the freedom-loving Bengalis were forced to wage unequal war against them. Finally, after nine months of bloody war, Bangladesh emerged as an independent state. Therefore, this day is a symbol of our freedom and dignity. Every year we celebrate Independence Day nationally. We pray for our heroic martyrs and pay our respects to them. They have sacrificed their lives for our national independence.

Check also: Democracy Paragraph

About the Author

A teacher, writer and blogger, started allparagraph noting students search online for paragraphs on various topics, short and simple essays, edifying stories and other materials of study. In composing these lessons we have tried to use as simple language as possible, keeping young students in mind. If you find any text inappropriate, please let us know so we can make it more useful through necessary corrections and modifications. Thank you!

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