Population Explosion Essay & Paragraph
Population explosion, in other words, population problem, is a big problem in the modern world. Students are often asked to write essays or paragraphs on population issues in their exams. How would you write an essay on population problem? At first, you will say in a short introduction why and when a country’s population becomes a problem. Then a paragraph on the causes of population growth, another on ways to control the population, and finally a summary of your essay. Below we have written many essays and paragraphs about the population problem. These will help you in your own writing.
Introduction: The population problem is one of the major problems in Bangladesh. As the days go by, the problem is creating more and more anxiety.
Current Population Situation in Bangladesh: Bangladesh is the most densely populated country in the world. It is a small country of 56 thousand square miles. But its population is seventeen crores. The country has a population of 3,277 people per square mile. More than two million people are added to our population every year. The rate of population growth in Bangladesh is still out of control. New houses are being built every day. So, the cultivable land is decreasing rapidly. This small amount of land can never produce enough crops. Therefore, we have to pull the reins of the population explosion.
Why population is a Problem: The population of a country is the biggest asset of that country. But this becomes a problem when the country cannot provide the necessary food and clothing to the people. The population of the country is increasing day by day. But food production cannot keep pace with our growing population.
The high growth rate of our population causes problems in every area of our lives. It creates problems for food, clothing, housing, health, education, and employment. If our population continues to grow at the current rate, the country’s population will double in the next twenty years. Then the need for food, clothing, shelter, and school will also double. But there is no possible way to meet this increased demand. So, population growth is a burning question in Bangladesh.
Remedial Measures: We should take family planning measures. No family should have more than two children. We need to make women aware through education. Child marriage should be banned.
Conclusion: We need to control population growth for our survival.
A Paragraph on Population Explosion
Write a paragraph about population growth, in other words population explosion. Include answers to the following questions in your paragraph:
- What is the population of our country?
- What is the rate of population growth?
- How many people live here per square kilometer?
- What is the amount of cultivable land per capita in Bangladesh?
- How does a high rate of population growth hurt the economy?
Population growth is a great problem. Our country is burdened with one hundred and eighty million people. This is because of our high birth rate. Our density of population is 1265 per square kilometer and growth rate is 12.03 per thousand. This is why this called population explosion. This high rate of population hampers the economic development of the country because the excess population needs food, clothes, housing, medical, educational and employment facilities. For our large population there is only 0.04 hectare of cultivable land per head. It is not enough to provide us with the bare necessary amount of food for our existence. Moreover, the increased number of children only consume but cannot do anything for economic development. In the practical sense of the term our population is increasing like mice. If this growth is not controlled effectively, our country will face a great problem in future.
Population Growth Paragraph
In 150 words, for class 5 to 10
Write a paragraph on “Population growth in Bangladesh”. Mention specially the growth rate, unemployment, housing problem, small land area and the measures to check the growth rate.
Population growth is a great problem of Bangladesh. Our population growth is an alarming matter. Bangladesh is a small country. Its area is 1,47,570 square kilometers. But it has a large population. Her population is about 18 crores. More than 1200 people live per square kilometers. Bangladesh is a densely populated country. The population is growing very fast. The present growth rate is 12.03 per thousand. On an average each people has only 0.04 hectare of cultivable land. This small amount of land can not produce enough crops. If our population increases at such a high rate, the population of the country will be doubled within twenty years. The addition people will need more food, clothes, shelter and schools. It is not possible to meet all these things. The excess people will not get employment. So, population growth is the burning question in Bangladesh. Everyone should adopt family planning to check population growth.
Paragraph about Overpopulation
In 100 words, for class 4 to 8
When there are too many people in a country, compared to its size and available resources, it is called overpopulated. Overpopulation causes serious economic, social and political problems. It’s also one of the principal causes of poverty, malnutrition, illiteracy and backwardness. The size of the population is directly related to the quality of life of the people in a country. A country with a small population is generally better off then one with a large population. A country, with a large population and limited resources, can’t provide to its population even the bare necessities of life. So, a balance between population and resources is important.
Essay on Population Explosion in India
The population in India is expanding at an alarming rate. According to the 2011 census, the population of India is about 121.05 crore. The population in 2001 being about 102.8 crores, there has been an increase of about 17.7 percent in one decade. If we compare these figures with figures of earlier censuses, we come to the conclusion that on average the increase in population every ten years has been about 25 percent. Despite various measures having been adopted, we have not been able to reduce this percentage substantially. The result is that we are threatened with population explosion and are heading towards over-population. Over-population is a phenomenon in which the population is greater than the available resources. This stage is likely to be reached in the very near future in India. Over-population is fraught with serious dangers. Hunger, disease, squalor, famine, malnutrition are the concomitants of the population. India’s expanding population is causing us concern for we are adding about 1.8 crores of people to our already large population every year. The teeming millions have created the problem of space. The housing problem is assuming alarming proportions. Roads are crowded and there are traffic jams. Trains and buses become so overcrowded that travel itself has become virtually a great adventure. Educational institutions are facing admission problems. Owing to the absence of a coordinated approach to meet the challenges educational standards are fast sliding down, nay, there are no standards now. All our developmental efforts will bring no relief to the poor, no substantial rise in a standard of living if our numbers go on increasing at the present alarming rate. In India, with over 102 crore people already inhabiting the land, any further substantial increase in numbers will wreak disaster more destructive than the devastation caused by atomic bombs.
An exceptionally higher decline in death rate as compared to birth rate, high infant mortality rate, low female literacy rate, the marriage of girls at an early age, high incidence of poverty, hot climate, social and religious taboos, eagerness for sons are some of the major causes of population. Recently we have witnessed a significant exodus of foreign people from Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and some countries of Africa. For some time past some political causes have also been responsible for inhibiting certain sections of the population from limiting the size of their families. Since in democracy it is the numbers that count, the Muslims and Scheduled Caste/ Tribes people do not generally take to family planning because they wish to increase the percentage of the population of their community in the entire population. No wonder, therefore, the increase of the Muslim population is proportionately greater than that of Hindus. The burning desire in every couple for having a male child in the family more often than not contributes to the swelling of the family. They will not stop producing children till a male child is born. All the causes described above have contributed to the phenomenal expansion of our population so much that we shudder to think of the state of affairs about fifty years hence when the population will become unmanageable if population increase is not brought within proper control.
We should, therefore, accord top priority to the program of population control. The first very important thing is the need to secure universal education for our population. The traditional view about large families must be changed by education. There is every need to raise the standard of living of our people. The standard of living and size of the family go together. Family planning programs must be implemented vigorously. All efforts must be made to popularize methods of population control. Besides incentives that are offered to couples undergoing family planning, certain disincentives are equally necessary. China is a very notable example before us. By sticking to one child one family norm they have largely succeeded in substantially bringing down the percentage of population increase every year. We have no alternative but to emulate China’s example and enforce family planning programs firmly without making any distinction between different sections of the population on the basis of tradition or the so-called religion. Results would be disastrous for us if the population of India continues to grow at the present speed. We should co-operate with the Government in making its population control measures a success. Every department of the government must put the family welfare program at the top of its priorities. Sizable funds earmarked for family planning in every plan must now produce results and the years to come must witness a substantial reduction in population increase percentage.
Simultaneous with measures being taken for population control, the pace of development and generation of additional resources should be accelerated so as to forestall the onset of the stage of overpopulation.
There is a controversy regarding embryo testing. Embryo testing is resorted to by couples to determine whether there is a female or a male child in the womb. Abortion is carried out in case the sex of the child is different from what they wish to have. From the human point of view, it may be regarded as a criminal act and a large number of people are certainly against this practice. But if this measure helps in curbing population growth, embryo testing may be legalized in the same manner in which abortion or medical termination of pregnancy has been legalized. There is no point in having unwanted children and having to bear the burden of a rapidly rising population. This legalization must however be done with some necessary precaution and restrictions with a view to ensuring that this practice does not lead to the disturbing of male-female proportion in the population. The Parliament of India, however, passed in August 1994, legislation that makes it illegal and criminal to resort to embryo testing in any way. It has allowed it only in medically recommended cases. Perhaps the measure has been enacted so as to put restrictions on the people of India who have the tendency to misuse scientific techniques. Whatever the case, it is essential that further rapid rise in population is stopped at the earliest possible.
The government is wide awake to the dangers of overpopulation. It is with this fact in mind that a Population Policy-2000 has been formulated. The policy aims at the stabilization of India’s population by 2045. It has to reduce the total fertility rate to 2:1 at the replacement level by 2010. A population commission, with the Prime Minister as its head, has also been constituted to monitor progress as a result of the implementation of measures of population control. Let us hope we succeed in preventing the incidence of overpopulation.
Essay on Population Problem in Bangladesh
Introduction: Bangladesh is a small country but its population is not small, About 150 million people live in this small country with a total land area of 1,47,570 square kilometers. About 1000 people live per square kilometer. This is a very high density of population.
When Population Becomes a Problem: Population is an asset for any country. But it can be a problem for the country when a country fails to provide the basic necessities for its population. In that sense, the huge population has become a problem for Bangladesh as this country cannot provide for the rudimentary needs of all the people of the country.
Reasons for the Increase in Population: There are some reasons behind the excessive increase in the population. The reasons are as follows:
01. Illiteracy: Illiteracy is one of the main reasons for the increase in population. They are unaware of the terrible consequences of the excessive population. They do not try to understand the advantages of family planning.
02. Tropical Climate: Bangladesh has a tropical climate. This warm and humid climate helps the people of the country attain puberty soon. It also results in more sexual activities among people.
03. Early Marriage: Early marriage is another cause of the increasing population. Early marriage is associated with more children in the family.
04. Polygamy: Polygamy is also liable to some extent for the population problem. Many people in the country take more than one wife and have more children.
05. Religious Feeling: Some people consider family planning anti-religious. This also contributes to the increase in population.
06. Want of Recreational Facilities: The want of recreational facilities in villages is also a reason for more sexual activities and more children.
Impact of Overpopulation: Overpopulation has a negative impact on the development and economy of the country. It causes food shortages, communication problems, health problems, shelter problems, medical problems, unemployment, and poverty.
Preventive Measures: Certain things are needed to be done to check this overpopulation:
01. People should be motivated to use family planning methods. In this respect, family planning methods should be made available to people.
02. Every person in the country should be provided with education. For this purpose compulsory primary education and adult education programs should be strengthened.
03. Early marriage and polygamy must be stopped by properly enforcing existing laws.
04. Steps need to be taken to export skilled and unskilled manpower to foreign countries.
05. Our population should be made into a strength by providing vocational and technical education to them.
Conclusion: The government of Bangladesh has given much stress on population control by identifying it as one of the main problems of the country. So, we should help the government in this respect.
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