Science and Civilization Essay & Paragraph
What is civilization? How did modern civilization develop? What is the role of science in the progress of civilization? Is the wonderful advancement of science just a blessing for us, or can it even bring danger to civilization? What is the effect of science on the thoughts, values, and beliefs of the people of the present age? The following essays and paragraphs seek answers to all these questions.
Science and Civilization Essay, 600 Words
- What is civilization?
- How it has made progress?
- How far triumphs of science have advanced civilization?
- Dangers to civilization spelled by misapplication of science.
- The role of science in making man skeptic and neglect spiritual values.
There is a lot of controversy as to what are exactly the distinguishing features of civilization. Man’s attitude to material prosperity and property in some way determines his civilization. But that is not all. Refined delicacy expressed in respecting the womenfolk and maintaining a high standard of sexual morality and charity is also expected from the civilized men. Yet, says Clive Bell, “neither a sense of the rights of property, nor candor, nor cleanliness, nor belief in God, nor future life and eternal justice, nor chivalry, nor chastity, nor patriotism” is the hallmark of civilization.
Dr. Radhakrishnan stresses moral values. In a civilized society, men live a healthy and happy corporate life based on education and reasoning. In fact, the progress of civilization has been from instinct to reasoning as prompted by Science. Technology is an important adjunct of civilization. The march of civilization has been possible in the train of science. For science has made it possible for a man to enjoy enormous material comforts and amenities. From early morning when the alarm clock awakens a modern man from sleep to midnight when he goes to bed by stopping the TV with the remote control, it is science, science all the way. By simply pressing or turning on the right switch the modern man is getting every strenuous work done by science as his bondman. Even in his intellectual work of surviving the past and predicting the future, there is the computer to help him abundantly.
This over-dependence on machines is turning the eyes of the modern man away from God and making him all but an atheist. He is engrossed in material enjoyment as a consumerist. Besides, it is a machine, the greatest gift of science, that has created so much difference between a man and a man, between a millionaire entrepreneur (industrial promoter) and the wage-earning labor. No doubt, due to the phenomenal improvement of the means of communications, time and space have been done away with and the world has been converted into a global village. Sitting cozily on the armchair of his drawing-room the modern man can have the virtual or real experience of travel into the dense forests of Africa or on the top of Everest. Medical science. with provisions for transplanting limbs, has ensured a long and disease-free life for every man. And clone or an exact replica of man, from jinns, may come out in no distant future. Why then one should look to God?
So man today is becoming spiritually bankrupt. He feels a vacuum or emptiness in his mind. Politics has been criminalized. The world is abounding with miscreants and mafias from end to end. Morality is hiding its face in utter helplessness. To worsen matters, one or two superpowers, possessing incalculably lethal nuclear weapons, are in a position to shatter our much-vaunted civilization and its achievement to pieces at any moment. They boastfully claim that civilization has progressed in the powder-cart, i.e. through warfare.
There is no denying the fact that science has reduced mortality. Since the dawn of civilization, fatal diseases have killed more men than all the disastrous wars of human history. But science has also made man the owner of many man-killing weapons. To control this terribly harmful potentiality of science, an all-powerful superstate, an extended version of the U.N.O., is required. Of course, this controlling body shall have to be fully democratic and representative. Civilization can be saved and its glorious future ensued only that way if the blessings of science can be brought to the door of the poor man’s cottage.
Science and Civilization Paragraph, 100 Words
Civilization is dependent on science. Man has built his civilization and found a better way of life through the practice and innovation of science. Thanks to science, people have conquered distances, speeded up communication and travel, and created innumerable ways and means of meeting needs and gaining entertainment. Today we face the wonders of science every day. Scientists have added hybrid species and advanced equipment to agriculture. The medical system has improved. Education has become realistic and globalized. Machines are now doing a lot of the physical work that people used to do in the past. In fact, modern civilization is the gift of science.