United Nations Organization Essay & Paragraph

The United Nations is the world’s largest and highest international organization established in the wake of the massive loss of life in World War II in 1945, with the aim of stopping potential wars. Currently, 193 states are members of the UNO. The organization allows all the nations of the world to come together on one platform to discuss and understand their common problems and thus plays an important role in avoiding possible wars and conflicts. Here we have shared An Essay on the United Nations Organization in 600 words and A Paragraph on the United Nations Organization in 300 Words for students, that highlight the history, importance, and contribution of the organization.

United Nations Organization Essay & Paragraph

An Essay on the United Nations Organization, 600 Words

By: Haque | For class 9-10/SSC | 26-06-’22

Introduction: From time immemorial different nations of the world have been engaged in war. These wars threaten human existence as thousands of people die in wars regularly. So, after the First World War, the people of the world felt the necessity of an international body consisting of all the nations of the world so that mutual differences and conflicts could be solved in a peaceful manner. The League of Nations was the outcome of such a concept. But it was found that some nations were not yet ready to solve their problems through dialogue. Such attitude led to another catastrophe in world history. It was the Second World War, which lasted from 1939 to 1945.

Start of The United Nations Organization: After the Second World War the world community again set its attention on establishing an effective organization that would prevent such disasters and establishes peace on the basis of mutual understanding and tolerance. Such feelings led to the United Nations Organization. The organization was planned in two consecutive conferences of nations. One of them was held at Dumbarton Oaks. U. S. A. and the other was held in San Francisco. It was named The United Nations Organization (UNO). The organization was officially inaugurated on the 24th of October 1945.

The Security Council: At Present, there are 180 members of the UNO. Among them, 15 are members of the Security Council. The council works on matters relating to threats to peace and security. The Security Council has five permanent members viz. The USA, the USSR, the UK, France, and China. Permanent members of the Security Council have veto power. i.e. they can put veto any resolution making it ineffective. The temporary members of the security council are elected periodically. The council has substantial power in putting sanctions against a defiant nation or even putting direct military intervention or policing peace by stationing an army of the UNO.

Objectives: The objectives of the UNO are to maintain international peace, to develop friendly relationships among nations, to solve the social, cultural, economic, and humanitarian crises, and to promote respect for human rights. The organization also has lofty plans for human welfare and for this purpose has several subsidiary bodies such as International Monetary Fund (IMF), The United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), The World Health Organization (WHO), The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), International Children’s Fund (UNICEF), The International Labour Organization (ILO) and The Atomic Commission.

Achievements of the UNO: For about the last sixty years the UNO has been playing a pivotal role in maintaining peace and harmony on earth. It has been able to put off the Third World War for so long. It has successfully stopped the Cold Ward and saved us from many other regional wars. The UNO’s contribution in the face of human disasters is also immense. It has been helping the suffering humanity in every human disaster. It has also helped many countries engaged in war in establishing peace. It has contributed significantly to human development, assistance to needy countries, and maintaining human rights. Today the peacekeeping army of the UNO is maintaining peace in many countries.

Failures of the UNO: In spite of its successes, the failures of the UNO are not few. It has failed in many crises that led to wars. Some crises that the UNO has failed to settle include the Kashmir issue, India-Pakistan war, Arab-Israel war, Vietnam war, Balkan war, Afghanistan war, Iran-Iraq war, India-China war, the war in Chechnia, Afghanistan invasion, the humanitarian crisis in Combodia, Civil war in Sri Lanka, etc.

Conclusion: In spite of the failures, the UNO has been able to contribute to solving the above-mentioned crises to some extent by bringing the fighting parties to the table of dialogue and by taking other constructive measures.

02

A Paragraph on United Nations Organization, 300 Words

By: Haque | For class 9-10/SSC | 26-06-’22

After the Second World War, the world community felt the necessity of establishing an effective organization that would prevent disasters like world wars and establishes peace on the basis of mutual understanding and tolerance. Such feelings led to the United Nations Organization. The organization was planned in two consecutive conferences of nations. One of them was held at Dumbarton Oaks. U. S. A. and the other was held in San Francisco. It was named The United Nations Organization (UNO). It was officially inaugurated on the 24th of October 1945. At Present, there are 180 members of the UNO. Among them, 15 are members of the Security Council. The council works on matters relating to threats to peace and security. The Security Council has five permanent members viz. The USA, the USSR, the UK, France, and China. Permanent members of the Security Council have veto power, i.e. they can put veto any resolution making it ineffective. The objectives of the UNO are to maintain international peace, to develop friendly relationships among nations, to solve social, cultural, economic, and humanitarian crises, and to promote respect for human rights. The organization also has lofty plans for human welfare and for this purpose has several subsidiary bodies such as International Monetary Fund (IMF), The United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), The World Health Organization (WHO), The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), International Children’s Fund (UNICEF), The International Labour Organization (ILO) and The Atomic Commission. For about the last sixty years the UNO has been playing its pivotal role in maintaining peace and harmony on earth. It has been able to put off the Third World War for so long. It has successfully stopped the Cold Ward and saved us from many other regional wars.

Was this article helpful?
YesNo

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Scroll to Top